Bulgaria is one of the most interesting of the historic nations of Eastern Europe. The country is also a wonderful store of natural wealth.
The country with a population of approximately eight million people in southeastern Europe is filled with mountains, lowlands near the Danube River, rich farmlands, and sandy beaches along the Black Sea Coast.
The oldest gold treasure in the world was found in Bulgaria. Also, Bulgaria is the country with the highest number of natural mineral springs in Continental Europe – over 600.
During the winter you can practice skiing, snowboarding, sledging, and ice skating.
The summer offers activities such as rafting and canoeing, horseback riding and ATV, hiking and biking, paragliding and parachuting, scuba diving and sea kayaking, panoramic catamaran and boat trips.
Sofia is the capital and largest city in Bulgaria.
Here are many historical and cultural heritages. Away from the buildings and boulevards, vast parks and manicured gardens offer a welcome respite, and the ski slopes and hiking trails of mighty Mt Vitosha are just a short bus ride from the center.
Home to many of Bulgaria's finest museums, galleries, restaurants and clubs, Sofia may persuade you to stick around and explore further. National Museum of History is the perfect place for you to go. The city has a population of approximately one million people. Quite an active nightlife and if you want to relax, you will find many parks. A popular market in the summer along the cobblestone streets is the center of trade in the crop of local residents.
Varna is the most interesting and cosmopolitan town on the Black Sea Coast and is known as the Bulgaria’s third city and maritime capital.
Varna is also the location of the best archaeological museums in Bulgaria as well as many churches and museums of national navies. In addition, there is also the center of the country's largest Roman baths with an art gallery and a marine park known as the dolphinarium. One of the best beaches here are the Sveti Konstantin.
Land of the lavender and home to the Damascena Rose, Bulgaria offers unsurpassed sights and breathtaking nature. 1330 years of existence left historical traces at every step you take. Interesting possibilities for all types of events and trips all year round.
5 Amazing Things You Didn’t Know About Bulgaria
- Roses - Bulgarian roses are not only stunningly beautiful, but a major export item as well. The petals reportedly produce as much as 85% of the world’s rose oil, an essential ingredient in the production of perfumes. Gathering the roses is very labor intensive. Visit the country in May and June to see the colorful harvest.
- Yogurt - The yogurt in Bulgaria is reportedly the best in the world, with a unique taste because the bacteria used to make it, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, is only found naturally in Bulgarian air. Try the thick sheep yogurt made in the mountains with honey or fruit jam dripped on top.
- Nod - When asking a Bulgarian a question, you might be confused with his reply. In the country, nodding one’s head up and down indicates a negative response, while shaking your head horizontally actually means ‘no’. To confuse things even further, when locals speak with foreigners, they often accommodate them by reversing the motions. It is primarily the older generation that continues the nodding tradition, which dates back to Ottoman days.
- Cyrillic - Bulgarians read and write using the Cyrillic alphabet, and the country is actually the origin of the alphabet, having adopted its use before Russia. Credit can be given to Saints Cyril and Methodius, born in the 9th century. The two brothers were Christian missionaries who used their alphabet in efforts to improve literacy among the Slavic pagans in the First Bulgarian Empire. The two brothers are the most celebrated saints in the Bulgarian Orthodox church.
- Gold - The oldest gold treasure in the world was discovered at a burial site west of Varna, not far from the Black Sea. Unearthed in 1972 by a tractor crew digging a ditch, the site proved to be a vast necropolis with nearly 300 graves dated to 4560-4450 BC. Some three thousand gold artifacts were found, proving that the settlement had trade relations with distant lands and that the community had a strong belief in the afterlife. Some of Bulgaria’s gold has been on exhibition tours around the world.
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